Axions emerge as a solution of the so called strong CP problem, the unresolved question why no electric dipole moment of the neutron - associated to the predicted CP violation of Quantum Chromo Dynamics - can be observed. Strikingly, such axions can also solve the long standing dark matter problem. The motivation for introduction of the axion and axion like particles (ALPs) will be discussed. Constraints on the axion mass as dark matter will be given and the principles of axion and ALP detection will be explained. The status of experimental axion (and ALP) searches will be reviewed.